Types of Photography

Types of Photography

You should understand the differences and similarities of all types of photography to develop your photographic knowledge. Check out my top 10 list of general photography types to distinguish them and choose your photography style.

10 Basic Types of Photography

It’s important to know the different types of photography that are followed today. It will help you broaden your photography horizons and inspire to try something new. Here is my overview of 10 photography types that exist nowadays.

1. Portrait Photography

Portrait photography shows a person or a group of people in a way that would better represent their personalities. Usually you concentrate on the face, highlighting interesting features, but that doesn’t mean you can ignore the background or the person’s pose.

Famous portrait photographers: Annie Leibovitz, Steve McCurry, Eric Lafforgue

Equipment: a DSLR or a mirrorless camera, a portrait lens with high aperture and 70-200mm focal length, a shutter release, a flash, a softbox and some reflectors.

portrait photo sample

2. Fashion Photography

The goal of this photography type is to capture beauty and fashion, often concentrating on clothing or accessories. Such photographs are used for magazines, ads, and commercial purposes. It basically consists of 3 elements: an interesting-looking model, a fashionable object, unusual pose, and the photographer’s imagination for combining everything in a dynamic shot.

Famous fashion photographers: Mario Testino, Steven Meisel, Horst Diekgerdes

Equipment: the best camera for fashion photography, 20-70mm zoom lenses, spotlights, tungsten-halogen and incandescent lamps, a strobe or flash, a fill light, and umbrella reflectors.

fashion photo sample

3. Landscape Photography

Nature photography involves going around the world and taking shots of vast areas or tiny corners of nature. Landscape photos usually capture the presence of nature but they can also focus on man-made objects or disturbances of landscapes.

Famous landscape photographers: Adam Gibbs, Ted Gore, Alex Nail

Equipment: the best waterproof camera or compact camera, a wide-angle lens, a stable but flexible tripod, a reliable remote trigger or shutter release, waterproof camera bag, filters and additional batteries.

landscape photo sample

4. Product Photography

Product photography is used in advertising to showcase the external characteristics of an advertised product — its design, construction, significant elements. In this photography genre, you need to represent the product as a whole and also make its unique features visible that sell.

Famous product photographers: Tim Tadder, Harold Ross, Peter Belanger

Equipment: the best camera for product photography, a macro lens, a mini tripod, a white backdrop, LED illumination, photo light box and metallic reflectors.

product photo sample

5. Wedding Photography

Wedding photography is one of the most common jobs in photography field where you shoot activities related to weddings. It can be the shots of the couple before marriage and the coverage of reception and wedding.

Famous wedding photographers: Christian Oth, Danielle Real, Fitz Carlile

Equipment: a mirrorless or DSLR camera for wedding photography, a 35mm prime or zoom lens, a diffuser or bounce card, empty memory cards, additional batteries, remote triggers or transceivers.

wedding photo sample

6. Macro Photography

Macro type of photography involves capturing very close-up photography, tine subjects and living organisms as insects. Macro photography lets us look at such small elements which you could never see with the unaided eye.

Famous macro photographers: Thomas Shahan, Mike Moats, Patty Hankins

Equipment: a camera for macro photography, a close-up lens, macro extension tubes, reversing rings, a macro-friendly tripod, a macro shooting table, focusing rails.

macro photo sample

7. Sports Photography

Being among different types of photojournalism, sports photography belongs to everyday life photography types. For sports photography it’s extremely important to capture the culmination point and a photographer should know everything about the kind of sports he documents.

Famous sports photographers: Petr Toman, Keeton Gale, Christian Bertrand

Equipment: a mirrorless or DSLR camera for sports, a zoom lens, high-speed SD cards, monopods, a charging station, a camera strap.

sports photo sample

8. Street Photography

Street photography type is a kind of lifestyle photography. These are the pictures taken in public establishments with purposes of the fine arts or for the investigation. The object is the daily routine.

Famous street photographers: Eric Kim, Bruce Gilden, Alex Webb

Equipment: a semiprofessional mirrorless or DSLR camera, a fixed focus lens, additional SD cards and batteries.

street photo sample

9. Travel Photography

Travel photography genre involves capturing more than just people or landscapes. It’s a kind of photography documenting famous sights, sceneries, traditions and folkway of the nation.

Famous travel photographers: Chris Burkard, Kirsten Alana, Johan Lolos

Equipment: a travel camera, a wide-angle, zoom or fixed focus lens, a drone, lens filters, memory cards and batteries.

travel photo sample

10. Food Photography

Food photography is a special kind of commercial photography that provides realistic images for advertising campaigns, journals, packaging, illustrated cookbooks, etc.

Famous food photographers: Lou Manna, Teri Lyn Fisher, and Jenny Park

Equipment: a DSLR or mirrorless camera for food photography, a close-up lens, a tripod, reflecting screens, stroboscopic light source or monolights, a reflecting card or linen, diffusers.

food photo sample

FREEBIES for Photo Editing

No matter what genres of photography you specialize in, photo editing is something that you will have to deal with. To make your color correction and image editing faster, I’ve collected a few useful plug-ins for Lightroom and Photoshop.


It is suitable for both wedding and street photography. Use it for bright daytime photos and it will make them more saturated and interesting.


A great choice for lifestyle images with film effect that adds slight grain. This preset corrects white balance, adds vibrant colors and saturation.


This is my favorite overlay for a smoke effect in pictures. I recommend it to give photos some atmosphere. It looks especially awesome in night street pictures.

Fashion HDR

This action is created to add a light HDR effect, which gives more contrast and makes light parts of the image brighter and dark areas – more saturated.


This preset will make your landscape images stunning by adding natural, saturated colors.

Tata Rossi

Hi there, I'm Tata Rossi - a professional blogger, read more