Difference between JPEG and PNG vs TIF – All photography file formats
Difference between jpeg and png today is the question that bothers every modern photographer that wants not only to photograph professionally, but additionally to use to Photoshop or other photo enhancing programs. Today photo post production services are popular due to their possibility to economize time and retouch photos with high quality. Still, such services are not suitable for all photographers due to unreasonable pricing or not following personal styles. Some just want to develop their horizons and become completely independent when it comes to work with photos. In general that is not important what reasons makes photographers get involved in photo retouching, this fact remains undisputed. This helps them to start their own business. If you also plan to do this, read 5 tips to start you editing business. The first thing that every person should be aware of while dealing with photo retouching programs is the variety of file formats. In this article we are going to discuss difference between TIFF and JPEG, etc. This basic knowledge is just indispensible to start retouching, but still a lot of photographers ignore this fact thinking that it is not important. To prove the opposite idea, we have created the list of difference between RAW and TIFF, and so on. So, let`s start finding all discrepancies and similarities.
In the first paragraph we are going to discuss what image format is the best for dealing with professional photos of varied genres. Most of beginning photographers are not eager to study all kinds of file formats and devote much time to read about difference between TIFF and PNG, JPG and JPEG, so on. They try to find the most suitable variant. Still, is it right? Or for completely successful work photographers need to know peculiarities of all formats? Together we will find the truth. Then, we will focus on the most peculiar difference between all formats that are used in modern photo retouching. We will find out for what reason every life format has been created. And the last question that is going to be covered in the article is what format, PNG or JPEG, suits best for printing. That is important as printing is a final step that shows all pluses and minuses of done photo retouching.
In order to get down in the atmosphere of various file formats and start learning them, watch the video.
What is the highest quality image format?
Out of the great number of modern file formats JPG, PNG and surely TIFF are definite leaders, as these samples are the most frequently used in photo retouching, printing and for other digital photo manipulations. Besides, more about contemporary photo manipulations you will find reading Types of photo manipulation– only mind-blowing examples. Step by step we will focus our attention on every format in order to find the main spheres of their application and possible bonuses.
That is a file format that is the most popular in contemporary image retouching like common portrait retouching or limited headshot retouching and so on. JPG comes from JPEG files, as that is its extension. Modern cameras and websites usually use this format. The reason for this is understandable. This file format enables to make the date smaller, so that the size of a file is not big and everything, mainly web pages, work faster. Still, this fact hides a minus, as JPG is normally used when the minimal size of a picture is of the bigger importance than its maximum size. That means if a photographer needs to get a photo of a professional quality, the size of a JPG file will be big.
Additionally, JPG always uses lossy compressions, meaning that with minimizing the size of a file you work with the quality of a picture is spoilt. In this sphere JPG is unique, as almost all other file formats provide lossless compression.
JPG files can be rather useful, if photo retouchers do not overdo with lowering the size. This way the degree of compression will be quite reasonable. In case you are not totally interested in the maximum quality of photos you work with, JPG will suit you ideally. But you have to be aware of two peculiarities:
1) You will have to choose the highest offeredquality and that will be the maximum size.
2) If you are involved in retouching, do not save your files too often, as this way photos will lose in quality with every saving.
That is a sample of lossless file formats. So, if we take difference between TIFF and JPEG and think about it, TIFF will be more preferable for preserving the desirable highest quality of a done picture. For this fact, this modern file format is chosen the most frequently for commercial purposes, for instance for portrait retouch for fashion industry. Why it is so beneficial? Tiff format does not contain JPG artifacts or varied additional losses.
Like all contemporary file formats it has one considerable minus. TIFF files cannot be shown by web pages. If it was not so, this format would substitute all other formats. But that is completely impossible.
Not taking into consideration this drawback, TIFF format provides everything that a modern photographer may need. Maybe for this peculiarity most of the limited and specified file types are based on it. Out of them we may enumerate fax files, versatile RAW files or different multipage documents.
GIF format was designed when 8 bit videos were on the top of popularity long before JPG and certainly TIFF. It is quite good for video purposes, but does not suit completely for printing purposes. It has a lot of bonuses as it is a unique format, but still we will focus attention on minuses.
All GIF files are quite limited in colors, 256 colors are maximum. But still for graphic that is enough. Due to such limitations in coloring, photo retouchers do not use indexed colors for picture that enhance. The main idea is that modern GIF files offer animation, unlike other formats, and transparency.
Today GIF format remains to be frequently used in web graphics. In graphics where the variety of colors is not a vital thing, Gif provides pure colors and reasonably small files.
That is a file format that is expected to replace GIF. That is possible as browsers can show both formats. It is as useful as TIFF is, as they provide nearly the same bonuses. That is the youngest file format out of all used. It was designed to bypass all common problems with quality losing and compression.
Since it has been only recently designed, TIFF offers lots of different bonuses starting from 16 bits, etc. One more peculiarity is that 24 bit RGB pictures are possible in TIFF format. As a rule, size of PNG file is smaller than file size of other formats. But that is slower to be read by web sites. Maybe for this reason this format is not as popular as TIFF or JPG, but still contemporary photographers should pay attention to it. That is a format sample for lossless retouching work, where quality is everything.
Every photographer knows about the real importance of Raw files. But still, we cannot consider difference between RAW and TIFF, as raw is not an adversary for it or for other file formats. RAW formats, even its name says about this, has to be converted to regular file formats. That enables it to be usable.
RAW format has one undisputed bonus. It enables photographers or retouchers to see a picture after photographing and before it will be changed to any format. This way, professionals may choose what format will be the most suitable for a picture and for their purposes.
What is the difference between TIFF GIF JPG JPEG PNG and a BMP file?
Due to the fact that all mention file formats exists now and, to say more, they are quite popular, we may come to the conclusion that all of them are beneficial in a particular way. This means that every format is suitable for a special kind of photo purposes being quite indispensible for it. A lot of modern photographers know different kinds of file extensions, but usually they do not realize the real difference between JPEG and PNG, etc. Thus, they have an unsolved problem that sounds like JNG vs PNG vs TIFF not knowing what to choose.
There are certain standards that are practical while choosing the practical file format. But before considering every type of files extension and organize a kind of a battle TIFF vs JPEG vs PNG, it is convenient to organize all kinds into three categories:
1. Those that offer lossy compression
2. Those that provide lossless compression
Below we will consider every category in order for photographers to know what they should expect from every class. We will start with the last one, because such formats usually contain the biggest amount of date. They are considered to be exact image representations. To this category belongs BMP, as the most popular format of this kind.
The class of lossless formats is widely used for varied illustrations, text materials or different drawings. The reason for their using is that they work with such materials that simply will not look good and attractive being compressed. Judging from the name of the category such file formats encode all information from the starting variant of a file. When a file is again decompressed, the achieved variant will not have discrepancies from the initial sample. The most widely-used samples of this format are GIF and PNG.
It should be noticed that such file formats as TIFF or BMP may contain either uncompressed or compressed pictures. All this depends on the used technique.
We deliberately left format with lossy compression for the end. That is so, because this format suits perfectly for modern photographers. Although it cannot be used with various text materials or illustrations, as compression may spoil date of files of this type, this kind of formats is popular. According to their name, such formats usually do not use all file information. Therefore, we cannot say that a final image will be the exact representation of an initial picture. It simply discards unnecessary information that does not contribute to the general view of a photo. For this, most of samples of before and after retouch are done in this fomat. From this point of view, in the battle JPG vs PNG vs TIFF, JPG is a leader.
To make the question still simpler, in order not to have battle like TIFF vs JPEG vs PNG inside in your head, you should realize that all formats with a mark “lossless” make picture smaller than they are. But this does not spoil their quality. When you see a file format with a mark “lossy”, you should understand that a picture will be made smaller, but notice that it will be reflected in its quality.
One more criterion to classify formats and compare JPG vs PNG vs TIFF and others is colour depth. According to it we have:
1. Indexed colour
2. Direct colour
If any file format has the first mark, it means a picture can have a restricted number of colours, which is usually not more than 256. Image authors choose them. If you come across the second mark, you will have a possibility to store as many colours as you want. And all colours will not be chosen by an author. The right choice of file formats influences greatly photo color correction services. In general, the choice TIFF vs JPEG vs PNG or others is important, but you will be able to feel the difference between JPEG and PNG or others only after using all of them. Practice is everything for photographers that have brevity to start learning all file formats.
Which is better for printing JPEG or PNG?
Modern photographers usually do not think hard about the difference between JPEG and PNG. Most of them are just used to work with only JPEG, because they know how to work with it. But modern reality requires using varied file extensions and PNG now becomes more and more popular. Often using PNG is connected with illustrations, screenshots and any files that contain text. They can be graphs, logos or even web-comics. So, how do PNG and JPEG differ?
PNG is a special file format that is known to be lossless compression. For this characteristic that is a frequent choice for various web-users. They always save their drawings or texts in this type of format that has small size.
JPEG has almost the same characteristic, as it is also widely used for websites. Unlike PNG, this certain format is totally lossy compressed. Besides, the difference between TIFF and JPEG lies exactly in this fact, as TIFF is a lossless format.
It can save files at smaller size than BMP, which now is not modern. One more discrepancy is that JPEG cannot save files that contain text or line drawings.
Usually JPEG files are chosen for realistic images and photographs, because they are able to transfer colors. PNG, from its size, has some specialty concerning quality and colors. Firstly, you will not be able to set the saving quality. But still, there is a possibility to adapt the saved picture in order to achieve the minimum file size. But mention that this can considerably reduce the number of colors in the image. PNG 24 is optimal for images with a restricted number of colors. For example, these may be icons, schemes and drawings. PNG 8 is a more compact format. But it is only applicable to images with a limited number of colors, as 256 is the completed maximum.
Additionally, JPG format does not support transparency and for some cases this criterion is rather important. That is so when a photographer works with photo retouching programs and wants to separate object from the background. In PNG format this backdrop is already empty and they do not need to waste time to cut out an item. That considerably economizes time, and, besides, in this also the difference between TIFF and PNG lies, as TIFF also does not have empty background. Moreover, the TIFF format is quite complex for work and is not practically supported in browsers.
To sum everything mentioned up, the optimal choice for retouchers is the PNG format. It is perfect for images with large size. If you need a large amount of compression, for example, to send photos via e-mail, it's better to use JPEG.
If you are only learning about all formats and still confuse the difference between RAW and TIFF and when you asked about the difference between TIFF and PNG you are at a loss, our services will be a helping hand for you. We can not only deal with all kinds of modern photography, but also to consult you about choosing suitable file formats. Modest photo editing prices, unambiguous collaborating rules and the team opened to all our requests are our undeniable bonuses. We know how to impress and how to achieve positive attitude from our customers. Become one of them and make sure in it.
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