Dealing with Photoshop, you may encounter the following error: “Photoshop has encountered a problem with the display driver”. It happens when the program is unable to connect and apply improvements that use graphics hardware.
All processes that use a graphics processor (GPU) as part of a graphics card are temporarily put on hold. Since Photoshop is largely dependent on graphic rendering, this error message makes it virtually unusable.
Here are several methods to solve the problem on your own, without any special system administration skills. Ensure that you are logged in as an administrator, meaning you have the maximum rights to make configuration changes and have open Internet access.
The main reasons of conflict may be:
Note that solutions to these conflicts are reversible and can partially fix issues with picture rendering, low performance, or Photoshop lagging.
A widespread cause of this error is an outdated graphics card, and as a result, an outdated display driver. Specify a place to automatically install drivers from the websites of well-known video card manufacturers, like NVIDIA, Intel or AMD.
In this way, you will be getting driver updates directly since Windows Update doesn’t always provide users with the latest and the best drivers.
SOLUTION: Update the video card in the Windows Media Device Manager. Updating the graphics driver can fix numerous problems, such as crashes, incorrectly displayed pictures, and performance issues.
For macOS, graphics drivers are updated through operating system updates. Here you can receive the latest macOS updates by picking “Software Update” from the Apple menu or through “Updates” in the App Store.
The problem may be connected with a faulty, unsupported, or incompatible GPU (also called a graphics card or video card) or an associated graphics driver. If the error message disappears after disabling it, the problem is likely to be related to the GPU or driver. But this is a work-around solution that will eliminate the benefits of GPU support.
SOLUTION: It is possible to quickly pinpoint if the issue is related to the GPU or driver by stopping using the GPU and following these steps:
Adobe recognized this error and released official documentation with a description of the reasons. Troubleshooting offered by Adobe is available only for the licensed version of the product.
If you are going to buy Photoshop on the marketplace, ensure that the version you are getting is indeed official. I strongly suggest purchasing Photoshop by means of Creative Cloud subscription that provides guaranteed license.
SOLUTION: Download the latest version of Photoshop CC from the official site.
Modern versions of Adobe Photoshop require plenty of resources. Users of outdated and low-cost PCs face some common problems. Since there is no 100% identical Photoshop alternative, people are willing to use it after encountering problems related to Photoshop display driver or slow startup.
SOLUTION: Quite a robust PC is required for processes related to GPU usage.
If you are sure that your graphic configuration is up-to-date, you should check whether your Photoshop is up-to-date or not. In outdated software, you may encounter a few issues that are fixed in the new version. Of course, this only applies to the official version.
SOLUTION: Update the Photoshop version to the latest one through Creative Cloud.
Another work-around solution is to disable embedded graphics if dedicated graphics is installed on the PC (for instance, AMD or NVIDIA). Photoshop has problems when two graphics options are available, and it can’t choose which one to use for rendering and operations.
SOLUTION: Ensure that the third-party video card is working correctly. Also, keep in mind that disabling the “wrong” video card may cause system instability.
To protect against crashes related to video adapters or drivers, Photoshop uses a small program called GPU Sniffer. Executable file “sniffer.exe” is an application that identifies graphics modules installed on the PC as a resource.
Then it passes the information to the application so that the graphics resource can be used. After every launch, Photoshop initiates this analyzer for basic GPU tests and reports the results.
If the analyzer fails or reports an error, Photoshop shows the message “Photoshop has encountered a problem with the display driver”, meaning that the problem has been identified. Photoshop can disable the “Use Graphics Processor” parameter on its own (see point №1), and the message won’t appear during subsequent launches. But you will lose the functions supported by the graphics hardware.
SOLUTION: Sometimes, the analyzer can go into an error state, which may lead to a situation where Photoshop doesn’t identify any hardware. Try moving the .exe file and see if this solves the problem:
If you fix the issue by updating the drivers or replacing the video card, Sniffer will inform about successful execution at the next startup and will enable the “Use Graphics Processor” option.
If you have multiple drives installed, ensure that the application is installed on the system disk (where the operating system is installed – typically, it is the C drive). This path is suggested by the default program installer.
Every time an application is installed in program files (the drive on which the OS is installed), it automatically receives all the basic permissions. Installing the application in a different folder, or even a disk, can lead to problems with Photoshop and system resources.
SOLUTION: Probably, there are issues connected with searching for Photoshop files and the display driver via another disk. If Photoshop is located in a different directory, try changing its directory to the default one and see if this solves the issue:
If moving the folder doesn’t work, you may need to reinstall the application to the target directory – just uninstall the current version of Photoshop. Then reinstall the Photoshop application on the system disk.
Freeing up the disk space of Photoshop scratch disk may help solve the issue.
SOLUTION: You can find it in the Edit > Preferences > Scratch Disk menu in Adobe Photoshop. Typically, it should be a local C drive (system drive), even if you have one partition. In case the space on the disk is insufficient, try freeing up it with special cleaning programs (for instance, the OS’s integrated CleanUp utility), following the instructions.
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